In response to a recent set of survey questions, here are some more pictures of my old attached pergola to show you close up what you need to do:
Ignore the rust and spider webs please! These two rafters are secured to the ledger board with brackets. The brackets are nailed into the ledger board and then the rafters are set into the brackets and nailed in place.
From this angle you can see that the ledger board is a standard 2×4 – the length on mine happens to be 10 feet. The rafters come across in three lines of two each rather than there being a rafter every 2 inches or so. Less material cost and less shade is provided. The sun protection mostly comes from the thinner slats laid on top of the rafters. This design was chosen because the yard faces due east so only gets the morning sun and there are now some very tall mature trees in the back. The pergola at this point is more about looks because it frames the seating area quite nicely but there is not really a need for sun protection.
After the pergola was built, it was painted, hardware and all to match the white trim on the eaves of the house. It needs a fresh coast to be sure and also needs to have some nails replaced or pounded back in flush, but this is 20+ years old so it is really not bad at all! We do live in a low moisture, low wind part of the country so it hasn’t been under too much weather stress. However, this does show how even a very basic attached pergola most likely built for much less than $1,000 can last for a very very long time.
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